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Sacroiliac Joint Dysfuction

Overview

Sacroiliac joints are in the bottom of the back. There is a joint on either side of the spine. The sacroiliac joints let the body twist whenever the legs move. These joints can sometimes be too rigid, or alternatively too loose. Both are equally dangerous. They can cause damage to the ligaments and muscles surrounding the joints, as well give pain to the patient.

Causes of Sacroiliac Joint Dysfuction

The most common cause of sacroiliac joint dysfunction is when the bones begin to rub on each other. This can happen when the cartilage between the joints is damaged or worn down. Irregular walking patterns can cause stress to the sacroiliac joints. Such instances could include pain in the lower extremities. Pregnancy is another common cause. When the hormones are released, the body’s ligaments are relaxed, which is what prepares the body for childbirth.

Symptoms of Sacroiliac Joint Dysfuction

There are multiple signs of sacroiliac joint dysfunction. Look for lower back stiffness; pain to the left or right of the lower back; pain in the buttocks, legs, and groin; or restricted movement.

Diagnosis of Sacroiliac Joint Dysfuction

In order to diagnosis sacroiliac joint dysfunction, a physical examination is usually conducted by a professional. This will let the doctor determine if the pain is from the joint. Movement of the joint will be required. There are several other in-office tests that can be utilized.

Treatment of Sacroiliac Joint Dysfuction

Non-surgical treatment is the most common for sacroiliac joint dysfunction. The focus in on trying to restore the normal motion of the joint. Treatments can include, but are not limited to: pain medications; ice and heat packs, applied in intervals; waist braces or supports; chiropractic procedures; exercise; physical therapy; or last, sacroiliac joint injections.

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